AS³: Adaptive Social Secret Sharing for Distributed Storage Systems

Authors

Giulia Traverso (TU Darmstadt) , Denise Demirel (TU Darmstadt), Sheikh Mahbub Habib (TU Darmstadt), Johannes Buchmann (TU Darmstadt)

Abstract 

Distributed storage allows to outsource a document to the cloud such that multiple users can easily access the file. The protection of the document stored relies on secret sharing, which generates and distributes shares of the document to the storage servers. However, the users have to trust that a certain amount of storage servers behaves honestly and do not lose (retrievability) or reveal (confidentiality) the document. To address this so called social secret sharing schemes were developed that allow to adjust the distribution of shares according
to the experience made with the involved storage servers. In this work, we provide a framework called AS³ that allows to build social secret sharing schemes based on dynamic secret sharing. The resulting protocol has more freedom in adjusting the parameters of the shares distribution and therefore leads to more efficient and accurate solutions as well as an optimal storage consumption. Furthermore, we provide measures to detect and to prevent that the document is lost or accidentally revealed to individual storage servers. We also demonstrate how to compute trust values for storage servers, how to initialize trust values for newcomers, and provide a proof of concept implementation.

Venue

14th Annual Conference Privacy, Security and Trust (http://pst2016.unitec.ac.nz/)

Place and Date

Auckland, New Zealand, 12 - 14 December 2016